The events preceding the 12 September 1980 military coup in Turkey have always preserved their importance in the countrys political life and have become a subject for the political discussions. These events mostly occurred during the government formed by Bulent Ecevit at the beginning of 1978, and which was in power for around 22 months. Ecevits government that came to power after the fall of II. Nationalist Front Government led by the Prime Minister Suleyman Demirel faced multiple problems from the first day in power. Increasing anarchy and terror reached its peak with the Kahramanmaras Incidents and the government unwillingly had to declare martial law in some cities. In spite of this, the violence did not diminish and when it increased, especially in the southeastern cities, martial law was extended to include these regions. In addition to anarchy and terror incidents, Turkey also faced an economic crisis. Staple food, especially oil, was sold on the black market; the government was challenged with a huge exchange crisis after its failure to get foreign aid, and; it decided to implement devaluation two times. Heavy pressure and criticism from the opposition and business community as well as resignations from the government and CHP completely weakened the Ecevit government in the fall of 1979 and the resounding defeat in the election for the renewal of the Senate and mid-term parliamentarian elections in September brought its end. These events leading Turkey into the 12 September coup were shown in the CIA daily reports in detail. In this article, the aforementioned events are discussed in accordance with CIA daily reports.
Keywords: Bulent Ecevit Government , Anarchy and Terror, Kahramanmaraş Events, Martial Law, Ecenomic Crisis
DOI Number: 10.9737/hist.2017.516